A FEW WEEKS USING LINUX. THIS IS THE RESULT
As a Windows user, I never had the necessity of change my actual Operating System (Windows 10) because all the task I perform during the day are totally cover by this O.S. However, I felt the desire of give me a chance and try Linux for the first time in my entirely life. The change wasn’t easy at all but with time I felt more comfortable using the terminal, commands and all the enviroment that surrounds Linux.
For this test I used Kubuntu, a Ubuntu based distribution but with a little bit differences such as a different graphical desktop, a package manager and a file explorer with a lot of options for personalization. You can download it in its official website.
I installed the distro in a Virtual Machine, so I don’t know what problems will arise if you will do the same but in a physical computer. However, you can install it in dual boot (with Windows, for example), in a partition with free storage or in a manual installation with a root partition (/) and a home partition (/home). There are a lot of tutorials on Youtube about this.
First steps in Kubuntu
During the installation, I made a mistake because I uncheck the options ‘Install this third-party software’ and ‘Download updates while installing’. As a Linux noob, I don’t know if any of the packages that I had to install solved that two unchecked options. If you have problems during the installation of the packages, maybe this command solve it.
sudo apt install build-essential
build-essential package will install other tools used along with
Later, I installed neofetch which is a Terminal-based system information tool to see your distro info in an ASCII format. To install it, you need to do this steps:
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:dawidd0811/neofetch
sudo apt update
sudo apt install neofetch
Another interesting tool is htop to control all the process in your computer. It’s so easy to install by executing
sudo apt install htop.
Both two tools can be accessed by typing
htop inside the Terminal.
The next step is define the Software source. To do that we need to go to Muon Package Manager , click on Settings and then click on Configure Software Sources. You will need to type your root password. In the Ubuntu Software tab we check the first four options, and in ‘Download from’ we will choose Other > Select Best Server.
Then, go to Additional Drivers and check if you need to install any additional component.
Once we have set that, we need to install Synaptic to install packages based on GTK+ graphic interface. Simply search for synaptic and press install. Once we have installed it, go to Synaptic and search for:
ubuntu-restricted-extras, and select the appropriate for Kubuntu (addons and extras).
openjdkto install the Java Development Kit (if you need it).
Addicionally, you can install flatpack, another utility to install and administrate packages. The installation is very simple, just check the official website.
In my case, I installed IntelliJ IDEA for Java and VSCode for the rest. These two programs are easy to install but I had serious problems with Firefox Dev Edition. In fact, at the moment I am not capable of install it, because you need to do quite a few previous steps that are very confused to me.
I think this is one of the most common problems that I have found on Linux, and it’s the fact than, when you need to install any program with .tar or .tar.gz extensions, you need to unzip the files in various folders using the Terminal and then create an alias to link the programs and the shortcut. I know this is more secure and, actually, this is how Linux works but for a Windows users, this is so complicated.
That was one of the features that made me wonder if I could survive with Linux as my day-to-day O.S. I love the KDE Plasma GUI and also the Dolphin file manager.
There are other advantages that you probably know if you are a Linux user: more control of the O.S., more customization, etc. But right now I think I can’t do the change to Linux due to several problems that I describe below.
I also found ZSH as a framework for the terminal. I installed it simply by following this tutorial.
Anyway, solved the major problems the next step was to install the environment to PHP development, and that was a completely dissaster.
I tried with LAMPP using the official installer but, when I tried to use the terminal to connect to MYSQL, I get an error. I also tried to installing Apache/PHP/MySQL by separated but I don’t feel comfortable with that.
For me, set up a correct environment for PHP development is essential because the backend is one of my greatest interest in web development, so, until I found a better solution, I think I can’t choose Linux as my default Operating System.
Other issue that I found was that MSI laptops don’t behave as well as I would like with Linux O.S. Different problems such as compatibilities or drivers make changing the O.S. really difficult.
To Sum Up
I think know Linux is attractive, if you are familiar with commands and terminals you probably will found Linux as a PRO extension of this. In the rest of the cases, it will be very anoying to introduce in it.
The programs share the files, so you don’t need to install the same features that are using by different programs, rather than in Linux different programs shares the common resources. This is tremendously interesting but in practice (for me) it’s really hard (at leats for programs that are not .deb extension, which are installed as in Windows).
I will keep going in my efforts to understand Linux as much I can, but with a Windows installation to use programs like Photoshop. In other sort of things, Linux is much easier than Windows, for example to install programs using the Terminal, and the security is better administrate.